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Author Guidelines

To submit manuscripts to Human Organization, simply click the 'Log In' tab above and follow the instructions for submissions or status of previous submissions.

Please follow the instructions below to ensure that your manuscript conforms to the journal’s requirements of formatting and style before it is submitted for review.

Note: If you have reviewed a manuscript for us, you may have to email us so your account can be upgraded to author status.

Author Guidelines:

To be considered for publication in Human Organization, manuscripts should be informed by anthropological theory and data. Manuscripts must not have been previously published in part or in full, and must not be under review elsewhere. The editor reserves the right to reject any manuscript deemed not to be substantially original.

Authors should confine their manuscripts to no more than 8,000 words, including abstracts, references and tables. Manuscripts that exceed this limit may not be sent out for review.

In addition, it is the responsibility of authors to ensure that their work conforms to the following style and formatting guidelines:

Guidelines for Preparing and Submitting Manuscripts to Human Organization

These comments will supplement the brief "Information for Authors" found on the inside back cover of every issue of the journal. No paper is ever rejected solely on the basis of incorrect style, but careful attention to the following points will greatly facilitate the review process and the eventual preparation of an accepted manuscript for publication-and will win you a warm spot in the hearts of the editorial staff.

I. Submission of Manuscripts

  • Manuscripts submitted to HO must not be under consideration by any other journal, nor can they be scheduled to appear in any published form prior to publication in HO.
  • Manuscripts should be submitted via the submission portal; those sent to the business office of the Society for Applied Anthropology or to the addresses of former editors will be unnecessarily delayed.
  • All manuscripts and additional documents should be sent via the submission portal at Other submission formats will only be considered with PRIOR permission from the editors. Please consult section III for more information regarding electronic submission
  • Faxed manuscripts will not be accepted.

II. Overall Format

No paper will be sent out for review unless it conforms to the following formatting requirements.

•    The entire manuscript must be double-spaced. No paper will be sent out for review unless it is in double-spaced format. Double-space all material, including quotations, list of references cited, notes captions, and headings.

•    Leave ample margins on all sides (1.5"). Do not Justify right-hand margins. Use 12 point font; Times/Times Roman is preferred. Do not use underlining or bold print; indicate emphasis by using italics.

•    Format document for use on standard 8.5 x 11" (21.6 x 28 cm.) paper.

•    The manuscript should contain the following sections:

  1. Title page (includes author's name and address and up to five key words)
  2. Abstract (title only; do not include author's name)
  3. Author's statement (includes author's current affiliation, acknowledgment of research support, etc.)
  4. Text
  5. Notes (keep to an absolute minimum)
  6. References Cited
  7. Figures/maps
  8. Tables

Each of these sections should begin on a new page. Indicate placement of figures and tables in the text, but place the figures and tables separately at the end. Include a separate list of table headings and figure captions.

III. Submission of Electronic Copy-Files, Formats, and Figures

Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via submission portal as a Microsoft Word document.

Supplemental materials can be uploaded in the supplementary documents section during the submission process. Authors are reminded to embed any special fonts or characters such as Arabic fonts etc. Adobe PDF formatted submissions will not be accepted without prior permission from the editors. Authors may be requested to submit paper copies as needed.
Footnotes appear as "Notes" at the end of the article. Include footnote material in the text wherever possible.

Notes are to be numbered consecutively throughout the paper and are to be typed on a separate sheet.

References to literature are not cited in footnotes but are carried within the text in parentheses with authors' last name, the year of the original publication, and page, e.g., (Kroeber 1948:205), or, if an author is mentioned in text, merely by date and page, e.g., (1948:205). References cited should be typed (double-spaced) on a separate page.

All tables, graphs, diagrams, and illustrative materials should appear on separate pages following the text. Consult The Chicago Manual of Style 15th Edition, The University of Chicago Press (2003) in matters of punctuation and usage.

All materials, including tables, maps, kinship diagrams etc, in as much as possible, should be submitted in Microsoft Word format. For other formats, contact the editors or editorial staff directly at

A 200-word abstract and author's statement (including keywords, present affiliation, and research acknowledgments) must be included for publication with each manuscript.

It is the policy of Human Organization to review all manuscripts without charge to authors. Furthermore, manuscripts by members of the Society for Applied Anthropology (at least one member in the case of multiple authors) accepted for publication will be published without charge as a benefit of membership. However, non-members of the Society will be required to a pay a $60 nonrefundable publication/membership fee at the time of acceptance and will then receive the publication as a benefit of membership. All payments should be made via the SfAA website ( Do not mail payments to the editorial office.

All Authors’ correspondence should be made via email, read receipt requested to: Supplemental manuscript copies and essential paper correspondence should be addressed to the editorial office:

Sarah Lyon

Editorial Assistants
Heather Sawyer

Sarah Lyon, Editor-in-Chief
Human Organization
Department of Anthropology
University of Kentucky
202 Lafferty Hall
Lexington, KY 40506-0024

IV. Specific Questions of Style

References are placed in the body of the text. The citation is placed in parenthesis, with the author's name, year of publication, and page cited: (Stedman 1982:1322). Punctuation is placed outside the parenthesis. Specific page citation is mandatory for a direct quote, or when referring to a paraphrased statement that is found only in a very specific place in a cited text. The page may be omitted if the reference is to the general theme of an entire work. If the citation refers to more than one work, list the works in alphabetical order by the author's name and separate the items by semicolons. For example, (Bolin 1987a, 1987b; Goodell 1985; Nesman 1981).

Works by one, two, or three authors are cited by using the full names, e.g., (Welch, Greathead, and Beutel 1985). But works with four or more authors are cited as e.g., (Acheson et al. 1979). The coauthors' names are given in full in the References Cited list.

References Cited should be alphabetized by author's last name. Every item referred to in the text must appear in the Reference Cited list. Do not include any item in the References Cited if it has not been cited in the text. Multiple items by the same author are listed chronologically. Multiple items by the same author having the same publication date are alphabetized by the first word of their titles and distinguished by (a), (b), etc.

The layout of typical references is as follows:

Burton, Frank
1978 The Politics of Legitimacy. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

De Walt, Kathleen M.
1983a Income and Dietary Adequacy in an Agricultural Community. Social Science and Medicine17:1877-1886.

1983b Nutritional Strategies and Agricultural Change in a Mexican Community. Ann Arbor, Mich.: UMI Research Press.

Ellen, R. F., ed.
1984 Ethnographic Research: A Guide to General Conduct. London: Academic Press.

Huamoni Coba, Nanto, and Enqueri Nihua
1992 Huaorani Letter to Maxux President. URL:gopher:// (December 23,1996).

1996 Tras la descertificación, Colombia enfrenta una incertidumbre económica. URL: (September 16,1996).

Nash, June
1976 Ethnology in a Revolutionary Setting. In Ethics & and Anthropology: Dilemmas in Fieldwork. Michael A. Rynkiewich and James P. Spradley, eds. Pp. 148-166. New York: Wiley.

Reynolds, Paul D.
1972 On the Protection of Human Subjects and Social Science. International Social Science Journal 24:693-719.
1979 Ethnical Dilemmas and Social Science Research. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Stuart, James W.
1977 Subsistence Ecology of the Isthmus Nahuat Indians of Southern Veracruz. PhD dissertation, University of California, Riverside.

Please note the patterns of spacing, indentation, capitalization, and punctuation; note also the order in which items of information within a reference are placed. Use a hard return after the author's name. Use a standard tab before and after the date. Double space between all references.

An institution that serves as an author is written out in full, followed by an acronym. The acronym alone is used in the citation. For example, the full reference is:

California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) 1986 Statistical Review 1985. Sacramento: State of California. But the citation would be: (CDFA 1986).

Be sure to indicate inclusive pages and volume numbers for articles in periodicals, and inclusive pages and name of editor for articles in anthologies.

For all other questions regarding style of references-particularly such matters as government documents, unpublished reports, materials in languages other than English, please consult the Chicago Manual of Style 15th edition, 2003.

Direct quotations of five or more typed lines must be indented from both left and right margins. Do not use quotation marks. Give the reference for such a quotation in the sentence immediately preceding, if at all possible. Omissions in a quotation are indicated by ellipses (three spaced dots); the third dot does not substitute for a period.

The final authority on spelling will be Webster's Third New International Dictionary. In a direct quotation, however, the original spelling is followed, even if it is incorrect. An incorrect spelling is indicated by [sic].

Acronyms do not carry periods. Very familiar acronyms may stand without explanation (e.g., UN, USA, USAID, EEC), but unfamiliar titles are written out in full at first mention, followed by a parenthetical acronym that is used thereafter, e.g., Strawberry Processing Advisory Board (SPAB).

Numbers from one to nine are spelled out; all others are expressed as numerals, including such constructions as 5,000 (rather than "five thousand"). A number expressing percentage is written as a numeral followed by the word "percent" (e.g., 5 percent, not "5%" or "five percent"). Monetary expressions are to be written as numerals and symbols (e.g. $8,000, not "eight thousand dollars"). Provide U.S. dollar equivalents for all other currencies, if at all possible. Century designations use numerals, and "century" is not capitalized (e.g., "18th century"). A decade is referred to as "the 1980s" (not "the 1980's or "the eighties"). When inclusive pages are cited, no digits are omitted [e.g., (Burton 1978:164-179)], but when a span of years in a single century is indicated, the first two digits of the second number may be omitted (e.g., "1965-80"). If a number begins a sentence, it must be written out.

Common units of measurement are left in abbreviated form; numbers associated with such abbreviations are left as numerals (e.g., 6 km., not "six kilometers"). Use metric units whenever possible.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published nor is it before another journal for consideration; or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor.
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word format. The submission does not exceed 8,500 words, including abstract, References Cited, and tables. The submission observes US conventions of English usage and spelling.
  3. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); with figures and tables placed at the end.
  4. The text meets this journal's formatting requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines found in About the Journal. Because Human Organization is peer reviewed, all author identification has been removed.
  5. I have read and understand the copyright notice. I also understand that, by submitting my paper electronically to Human Organization, I agree to all the conditions set forth in the copyright agreement.
  6. I have removed any identifying information (author's names etc.) from the manuscript so that it conforms with the double-blind review policy.
  7. I have included an abstract at the beginning of the manuscript as well as key words.
  8. I will list SIX potential reviewers (including their current email addresses) for this manuscript in the "Comments to the Editor" section directly below. These individuals must not have a close personal or collaborative relationship with the author and should not be current or former teachers or students. The editor reserves the right to submit the manuscript to review by readers partly or entirely of his choosing.

Copyright Notice


Copyright for articles published in Human Organization are retained by the journal.

As a condition of publication, the author(s) assign all rights, including subsidiary rights, to the contribution. This will enable us to register the contribution in the U.S. Copyright Office. The author will have nonexclusive license to use the article without charge after it has been published by the SfAA in any book they write or edit. When your Manuscript is accepted: Whereas the Society for Applied Anthropology is undertaking to publish the article named above, of which the undersigned is author, the author grants and assigns exclusively to the SfAA for its use all rights of whatever kind or nature now or hereafter protected by common or statutory Copyright Laws of the United States and all foreign countries in all languages and including all subsidiary rights. The exclusive rights mentioned herein shall be the property of SfAA for the period of the copyright and any renewal thereof. The SfAA, in turn, grants to the author: (a) the right of republication in any book which she/he authors or edits, without obtaining permission or making payment to the SfAA, and (b) the right to approve any translation of the material. However the SfAA requires, as a condition of this grant, that the author guarantee the original copyright notice be reproduced on the selection, i.e., : in accordance with the usual practice of reprint publications, to include the line, “Reprinted by permission from Human Organization, volume ___, number ___.”


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